Over the last few years, you’ve probably heard a lot of talk
about Progressive Web Apps (PWAs) and the various benefits they bring.
For those who haven’t, a PWA is essentially an app built with
it’s a downloadable website. Because of this, PWAs can be great
tools for low-end computers or phones since you usually donÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂt
need a lot of power to run them. Most of the web is designed to
run well on just about any platform.
However, installing a PWA can be a confusing process and looks
quite different from one device to another. As such, we put
together this handy guide to help you figure out how to install
a PWA on your Android smartphone, iPhone, or computer.
Installing a PWA on Android
LetÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂs start with Android. While installing a PWA with Android
is easy, the method may also leave you wondering if you truly
installed a PWA.
With the vast majority of Android devices, installing a PWA is
as simple as navigating to the website you want to install on
Chrome. Once there, tap the three-dot overflow menu in the
top-right corner and then select “Add to home screen”. Chrome
will prompt you to enter a name for the app before adding it to
your home screen.
Once done, you’ve installed the PWA. However, there are a few
caveats to this. First, this only works if the site offers a
PWA. You can still add websites that don’t offer PWAs in this
way, but instead, they’ll act as shortcuts to the website and
won’t benefit from some of the things that make PWAs so great.
For example, true PWAs use “service workers” to cache key
resources on your device to speed up app performance.
Additionally, they can integrate with device settings like
notifications, making the PWA experience more like a
If the site you install doesn’t offer a true PWA, you’ll miss
out on these key experiences.
Other browsers will let you add sites to your home screen, but
PWA support can be a mixed bag with these.
Installing a PWA on iOS
Installing a PWA on iOS is also quite simple, but can be rather
limited. The process unfortunately only works from the Safari
browser. Beyond that restriction, however, it’s quite similar
Navigate to the website you want to add as a PWA in Safari.
Then tap the “Share” button, scroll down and tap “Add to Home
Screen”. Enter the name for the app then tap add. The PWA will
show up on your home screen like a native iOS app.
Since the release of iOS 11.3, Safari has supported many of the
technologies behind PWAs, including service workers. In other
words, PWAs on iOS should work similarly to native apps and can
access location, sensor data, the camera, audio output and
more. There also some limitations, including a 50MB limit on
offline storage, no access to Face ID, Touch ID, Bluetooth or
other technologies and no notifications.
Interestingly, iOS will automatically remove PWA files if the
user doesn’t open them for a few weeks. The icon will remain on
the home screen and when you next open the PWA, iOS will
re-download all the files again.
Installing a PWA on Windows or macOS
If you want to install a PWA on a desktop, your best options
are Google Chrome or the new Microsoft Edge. Both browsers
offer built-in PWA installation systems, which weÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂll cover
Let’s start with Chrome. On desktop, Google Chrome will display
a “+” symbol on the right side of the address bar next to the
bookmark button when you visit a site that supports PWA.
Clicking the button will prompt you to install the PWA. In the
screenshots, I installed Twitter’s PWA using Chrome on a
Windows desktop. Once installed, Twitter acts like a native app
even though I’m effectively just using the Twitter website.
Update 25/05/2020: Chrome also includes an
option to “install” a website as a PWA accessible by clicking
the three-dot menu button in the top right corner and selecting
the install option from the menu.
Microsoft’s Edge browser handles PWAs very similarly.
When visiting a website you want to install, Edge users can
click the three-dot menu button and select “Apps”. After that,
click “Install this site as an app.”Edge will install the PWA
and, like with Chrome, users will be able to pin the app to the
If you want to uninstall a PWA, click the three-dot menu button
in the top bar and select the uninstall option.
And there you have it: that’s how to install a PWA. As the
technology continues to evolve, I expect the ways to install
PWAs may change.
Further, more browsers will add support for PWAs. While a fully
PWA future is probably ways off (if it ever comes), these apps
remain a great way to access services that typically might be
too much for an ageing or low-power system.